Comprehensive scientific studies carried out at the Research Institute of Traditional Methods of Treatment of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation on the chemical composition and physical properties of ossified antlers and antlers of the Reindeer, as well as preclinical studies of preparations made from them showed that specially processed ossified antlers differ significantly from antlers and have the following advantages in compared with them:
The antlers of the Reindeer contain macro- and microelements in the ratio and in quantities that most fully meet the physiological requirements of the body, while in antlers the content of elements has not yet reached the optimum.
The antlers of the Reindeer contain a large amount of manganese, an important element for the activation of redox processes in the body.
Reindeer antlers are recommended to be used in a natural and only crushed form, while antlers are used to obtain alcoholic extracts from them, tinctures containing only 4-5% of extractable substances, therefore, 95% of antlers (including active components) are not used and are thrown away in the form of cake.
The antlers of the Reindeer have a huge raw material base, which exceeds by hundreds of times the raw material base of the antlers of the Reindeer, red deer, red deer and sika deer combined.
The antlers of the Reindeer contain a large amount of active elements calcium and magnesium, barium, the main elements of bone tissue necessary for the active activity of the muscles of the heart, for the processes of blood coagulation, etc.
Reindeer antlers contain small amounts of proteins and peptides, many of which can be toxic or have hemolytic and allergenic properties.
Finely ground powder from the antlers of the Reindeer has antacid, adsorption and enveloping properties, while exhibiting an acid-base capacity, which is important when using it for gastric and duodenal ulcers, gastritis, heartburn, pain and other gastrointestinal diseases, in which it is indicated decrease in acidity and proteolytic activity of gastric juice.
The antlers of the Reindeer contain a smaller amount (1000 times) of tin, which is a heavy and toxic metal similar in a number of properties to lead.
In the antlers of the Reindeer, there are an order of magnitude less steroid compounds, and here are the hormonal effects (estrogens, androgens, progesterone). 10-15 times less cholesterol, which causes atherosclerosis, lipoid hyperplasia and other diseases.
The antlers of the Reindeer contain a large amount of phosphorus, an essential element for enhancing the growth of bone tissue, for the normal functioning of the nervous system, it is indicated for vascular hypotension, rickets, diathesis, etc.
Reindeer antlers have a permissible content (does not exceed the norms) of heavy toxic metals (lead, cadmium, mercury, molybdenum, cobalt, etc.). Thus, when the horns ossify, toxic metals do not accumulate.
The preclinical, pharmacological and toxicological tests carried out show the absence of toxicity and allergenicity, their high adaptogenic activity, immunostimulating properties, as well as adsorptive detoxification ability, which neither antler antlers nor antlers themselves possess.
Reindeer antlers contain a sufficient amount of iodine (❭ 0.01%), which is necessary for the normal functioning of the endocrine system, including the thyroid gland, which affects protein and lipid metabolism. Iodine is indicated for patients with atherosclerosis. It is safe to assume that iodine in the horns is contained in the form of iodinated derivatives of the amino acid tyrosine (thyronine, thyroxine, 3,5-diiodotyrosine, 3,5,3-triiodothyronine, 3,3-diiodothyronine, etc.)
Reindeer antlers are the most prepared for storage, transportation and technological processing, as they contain more stable and stable organic compounds than components in antlers (proteins, peptides, blood elements, etc.), are well crushed, and powders have high flowability
Thus, in terms of chemical composition and physical properties, the antlers of the Reindeer differ significantly from the antlers of the Reindeer and from them it is possible to prepare medicinal preparations with specific pharmacological properties of a fundamentally different action than the preparations currently used from antlers.
Head lab. c.x.m. V.P. Pakhomov